4. DPDK Release 16.07

4.1. New Features

  • Removed the mempool cache memory if caching is not being used.

    The size of the mempool structure is reduced if the per-lcore cache is disabled.

  • Added mempool external cache for non-EAL thread.

    Added new functions to create, free or flush a user-owned mempool cache for non-EAL threads. Previously the caching was always disabled on these threads.

  • Changed the memory allocation scheme in the mempool library.

    • Added the ability to allocate a large mempool in fragmented virtual memory.
    • Added new APIs to populate a mempool with memory.
    • Added an API to free a mempool.
    • Modified the API of the rte_mempool_obj_iter() function.
    • Dropped the specific Xen Dom0 code.
    • Dropped the specific anonymous mempool code in testpmd.
  • Added a new driver for Broadcom NetXtreme-C devices.

    Added the new bnxt driver for Broadcom NetXtreme-C devices. See the “Network Interface Controller Drivers” document for more details on this new driver.

  • Added a new driver for ThunderX nicvf devices.

    Added the new thunderx net driver for ThunderX nicvf devices. See the “Network Interface Controller Drivers” document for more details on this new driver.

  • Added mailbox interrupt support for ixgbe and igb VFs.

    When the physical NIC link comes up or down, the PF driver will send a mailbox message to notify each VF. To handle this link up/down event, support have been added for a mailbox interrupt to receive the message and allow the application to register a callback for it.

  • Updated the ixgbe base driver.

    The ixgbe base driver was updated with changes including the following:

    • Added sgmii link for X550.
    • Added MAC link setup for X550a SFP and SFP+.
    • Added KR support for X550em_a.
    • Added new PHY definitions for M88E1500.
    • Added support for the VLVF to be bypassed when adding/removing a VFTA entry.
    • Added X550a flow control auto negotiation support.
  • Updated the i40e base driver.

    Updated the i40e base driver including support for new devices IDs.

  • Updated the enic driver.

    The enic driver was updated with changes including the following:

    • Optimized the Tx function.
    • Added Scattered Rx capability.
    • Improved packet type identification.
    • Added MTU update in non Scattered Rx mode and enabled MTU of up to 9208 with UCS Software release 2.2 on 1300 series VICs.
  • Updated the mlx5 driver.

    The mlx5 driver was updated with changes including the following:

    • Data path was refactored to bypass Verbs to improve RX and TX performance.
    • Removed compilation parameters for inline send, MLX5_MAX_INLINE, and added command line parameter instead, txq_inline.
    • Improved TX scatter gather support: Removed compilation parameter MLX5_PMD_SGE_WR_N. Scatter-gather elements is set to the maximum value the NIC supports. Removed linearization logic, this decreases the memory consumption of the PMD.
    • Improved jumbo frames support, by dynamically setting RX scatter gather elements according to the MTU and mbuf size, no need for compilation parameter MLX5_PMD_SGE_WR_N
  • Added support for virtio on IBM POWER8.

    The ioports are mapped in memory when using Linux UIO.

  • Added support for Virtio in containers.

    Add a new virtual device, named virtio_user, to support virtio for containers.

    Known limitations:

    • Control queue and multi-queue are not supported yet.
    • Doesn’t work with --huge-unlink.
    • Doesn’t work with --no-huge.
    • Doesn’t work when there are more than VHOST_MEMORY_MAX_NREGIONS(8) hugepages.
    • Root privilege is required for sorting hugepages by physical address.
    • Can only be used with the vhost user backend.
  • Added vhost-user client mode.

    DPDK vhost-user now supports client mode as well as server mode. Client mode is enabled when the RTE_VHOST_USER_CLIENT flag is set while calling rte_vhost_driver_register.

    When DPDK vhost-user restarts from an normal or abnormal exit (such as a crash), the client mode allows DPDK to establish the connection again. Note that QEMU version v2.7 or above is required for this feature.

    DPDK vhost-user will also try to reconnect by default when:

    • The first connect fails (for example when QEMU is not started yet).
    • The connection is broken (for example when QEMU restarts).

    It can be turned off by setting the RTE_VHOST_USER_NO_RECONNECT flag.

  • Added NSH packet recognition in i40e.

  • Added AES-CTR support to AESNI MB PMD.

    Now AESNI MB PMD supports 128/192/256-bit counter mode AES encryption and decryption.

  • Added AES counter mode support for Intel QuickAssist devices.

    Enabled support for the AES CTR algorithm for Intel QuickAssist devices. Provided support for algorithm-chaining operations.

  • Added KASUMI SW PMD.

    A new Crypto PMD has been added, which provides KASUMI F8 (UEA1) ciphering and KASUMI F9 (UIA1) hashing.

  • Added multi-writer support for RTE Hash with Intel TSX.

    The following features/modifications have been added to rte_hash library:

    • Enabled application developers to use an extra flag for rte_hash creation to specify default behavior (multi-thread safe/unsafe) with the rte_hash_add_key function.
    • Changed the Cuckoo Hash Search algorithm to breadth first search for multi-writer routines and split Cuckoo Hash Search and Move operations in order to reduce transactional code region and improve TSX performance.
    • Added a hash multi-writer test case to the test app.
  • Improved IP Pipeline Application.

    The following features have been added to the ip_pipeline application:

    • Configure the MAC address in the routing pipeline and automatic route updates with change in link state.
    • Enable RSS per network interface through the configuration file.
    • Streamline the CLI code.
  • Added keepalive enhancements.

    Added support for reporting of core states other than “dead” to monitoring applications, enabling the support of broader liveness reporting to external processes.

  • Added packet capture framework.

    • A new library librte_pdump is added to provide a packet capture API.
    • A new app/pdump tool is added to demonstrate capture packets in DPDK.
  • Added floating VEB support for i40e PF driver.

    A “floating VEB” is a special Virtual Ethernet Bridge (VEB) which does not have an upload port, but instead is used for switching traffic between virtual functions (VFs) on a port.

    For information on this feature, please see the “I40E Poll Mode Driver” section of the “Network Interface Controller Drivers” document.

  • Added support for live migration of a VM with SRIOV VF.

    Live migration of a VM with Virtio and VF PMD’s using the bonding PMD.

4.2. Resolved Issues

4.2.1. EAL

  • igb_uio: Fixed possible mmap failure for Linux >= 4.5.

    The mmaping of the iomem range of the PCI device fails for kernels that enabled the CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM option. The error seen by the user is as similar to the following:

    EAL: pci_map_resource():
        cannot mmap(39, 0x7f1c51800000, 0x100000, 0x0):
        Invalid argument (0xffffffffffffffff)

    The CONFIG_IO_STRICT_DEVMEM kernel option was introduced in Linux v4.5.

    The issues was resolve by updating igb_uio to stop reserving PCI memory resources. From the kernel point of view the iomem region looks like idle and mmap works again. This matches the uio_pci_generic usage.

4.2.2. Drivers

  • i40e: Fixed vlan stripping from inner header.

    Previously, for tunnel packets, such as VXLAN/NVGRE, the vlan tags of the inner header will be stripped without putting vlan info to descriptor. Now this issue is fixed by disabling vlan stripping from inner header.

  • i40e: Fixed the type issue of a single VLAN type.

    Currently, if a single VLAN header is added in a packet, it’s treated as inner VLAN. But generally, a single VLAN header is treated as the outer VLAN header. This issue is fixed by changing corresponding register for single VLAN.

  • enic: Fixed several issues when stopping then restarting ports and queues.

    Fixed several crashes related to stopping then restarting ports and queues. Fixed possible crash when re-configuring the number of Rx queue descriptors.

  • enic: Fixed Rx data mis-alignment if mbuf data offset modified.

    Fixed possible Rx corruption when mbufs were returned to a pool with data offset other than RTE_PKTMBUF_HEADROOM.

  • enic: Fixed Tx IP/UDP/TCP checksum offload and VLAN insertion.

  • enic: Fixed Rx error and missed counters.

4.2.3. Libraries

  • mbuf: Fixed refcnt update when detaching.

    Fix the rte_pktmbuf_detach() function to decrement the direct mbuf’s reference counter. The previous behavior was not to affect the reference counter. This lead to a memory leak of the direct mbuf.

4.2.4. Examples

4.2.5. Other

4.3. Known Issues

4.4. API Changes

  • The following counters are removed from the rte_eth_stats structure:
    • ibadcrc
    • ibadlen
    • imcasts
    • fdirmatch
    • fdirmiss
    • tx_pause_xon
    • rx_pause_xon
    • tx_pause_xoff
    • rx_pause_xoff
  • The extended statistics are fetched by ids with rte_eth_xstats_get after a lookup by name rte_eth_xstats_get_names.
  • The function rte_eth_dev_info_get fill the new fields nb_rx_queues and nb_tx_queues in the structure rte_eth_dev_info.
  • The vhost function rte_vring_available_entries is renamed to rte_vhost_avail_entries.
  • All existing vhost APIs and callbacks with virtio_net struct pointer as the parameter have been changed due to the ABI refactoring described below. It is replaced by int vid.
  • The function rte_vhost_enqueue_burst no longer supports concurrent enqueuing packets to the same queue.
  • The function rte_eth_dev_set_mtu adds a new return value -EBUSY, which indicates the operation is forbidden because the port is running.
  • The script dpdk_nic_bind.py is renamed to dpdk-devbind.py. And the script setup.sh is renamed to dpdk-setup.sh.

4.5. ABI Changes

  • The rte_port_source_params structure has new fields to support PCAP files. It was already in release 16.04 with RTE_NEXT_ABI flag.
  • The rte_eth_dev_info structure has new fields nb_rx_queues and nb_tx_queues to support the number of queues configured by software.
  • A Vhost ABI refactoring has been made: the virtio_net structure is no longer exported directly to the application. Instead, a handle, vid, has been used to represent this structure internally.

4.6. Shared Library Versions

The libraries prepended with a plus sign were incremented in this version.

+ libethdev.so.4
+ librte_mempool.so.2
+ librte_port.so.3
+ librte_vhost.so.3

4.7. Tested Platforms

  1. SuperMicro 1U
    • BIOS: 1.0c
    • Processor: Intel(R) Atom(TM) CPU C2758 @ 2.40GHz
  2. SuperMicro 1U
    • BIOS: 1.0a
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU D-1540 @ 2.00GHz
    • Onboard NIC: Intel(R) X552/X557-AT (2x10G)
      • Firmware-version: 0x800001cf
      • Device ID (PF/VF): 8086:15ad /8086:15a8
    • kernel driver version: 4.2.5 (ixgbe)
  3. SuperMicro 2U
    • BIOS: 1.0a
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-4667 v3 @ 2.00GHz
  4. Intel(R) Server board S2600GZ
    • BIOS: SE5C600.86B.02.02.0002.122320131210
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2680 v2 @ 2.80GHz
  5. Intel(R) Server board W2600CR
    • BIOS: SE5C600.86B.02.01.0002.082220131453
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2680 v2 @ 2.80GHz
  6. Intel(R) Server board S2600CWT
    • BIOS: SE5C610.86B.01.01.0009.060120151350
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2699 v3 @ 2.30GHz
  7. Intel(R) Server board S2600WTT
    • BIOS: SE5C610.86B.01.01.0005.101720141054
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2699 v3 @ 2.30GHz
  8. Intel(R) Server board S2600WTT
    • BIOS: SE5C610.86B.11.01.0044.090120151156
    • Processor: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2695 v4 @ 2.10GHz

4.8. Tested NICs

  1. Intel(R) Ethernet Controller X540-AT2
    • Firmware version: 0x80000389
    • Device id (pf): 8086:1528
    • Driver version: 3.23.2 (ixgbe)
  2. Intel(R) 82599ES 10 Gigabit Ethernet Controller
    • Firmware version: 0x61bf0001
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:10fb / 8086:10ed
    • Driver version: 4.0.1-k (ixgbe)
  3. Intel(R) Corporation Ethernet Connection X552/X557-AT 10GBASE-T
    • Firmware version: 0x800001cf
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:15ad / 8086:15a8
    • Driver version: 4.2.5 (ixgbe)
  4. Intel(R) Ethernet Converged Network Adapter X710-DA4 (4x10G)
    • Firmware version: 5.04
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:1572 / 8086:154c
    • Driver version: 1.4.26 (i40e)
  5. Intel(R) Ethernet Converged Network Adapter X710-DA2 (2x10G)
    • Firmware version: 5.04
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:1572 / 8086:154c
    • Driver version: 1.4.25 (i40e)
  6. Intel(R) Ethernet Converged Network Adapter XL710-QDA1 (1x40G)
    • Firmware version: 5.04
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:1584 / 8086:154c
    • Driver version: 1.4.25 (i40e)
  7. Intel(R) Ethernet Converged Network Adapter XL710-QDA2 (2X40G)
    • Firmware version: 5.04
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:1583 / 8086:154c
    • Driver version: 1.4.25 (i40e)
  8. Intel(R) Corporation I350 Gigabit Network Connection
    • Firmware version: 1.48, 0x800006e7
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:1521 / 8086:1520
    • Driver version: 5.2.13-k (igb)
  9. Intel(R) Ethernet Multi-host Controller FM10000
    • Firmware version: N/A
    • Device id (pf/vf): 8086:15d0
    • Driver version: (fm10k)

4.9. Tested OSes

  • CentOS 7.0
  • Fedora 23
  • Fedora 24
  • FreeBSD 10.3
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2
  • SUSE Enterprise Linux 12
  • Ubuntu 15.10
  • Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
  • Wind River Linux 8