22. MLX4 poll mode driver library

The MLX4 poll mode driver library (librte_pmd_mlx4) implements support for Mellanox ConnectX-3 and Mellanox ConnectX-3 Pro 10/40 Gbps adapters as well as their virtual functions (VF) in SR-IOV context.

Information and documentation about this family of adapters can be found on the Mellanox website. Help is also provided by the Mellanox community.

There is also a section dedicated to this poll mode driver.

Note

Due to external dependencies, this driver is disabled by default. It must be enabled manually by setting CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_MLX4_PMD=y and recompiling DPDK.

22.1. Implementation details

Most Mellanox ConnectX-3 devices provide two ports but expose a single PCI bus address, thus unlike most drivers, librte_pmd_mlx4 registers itself as a PCI driver that allocates one Ethernet device per detected port.

For this reason, one cannot white/blacklist a single port without also white/blacklisting the others on the same device.

Besides its dependency on libibverbs (that implies libmlx4 and associated kernel support), librte_pmd_mlx4 relies heavily on system calls for control operations such as querying/updating the MTU and flow control parameters.

For security reasons and robustness, this driver only deals with virtual memory addresses. The way resources allocations are handled by the kernel combined with hardware specifications that allow it to handle virtual memory addresses directly ensure that DPDK applications cannot access random physical memory (or memory that does not belong to the current process).

This capability allows the PMD to coexist with kernel network interfaces which remain functional, although they stop receiving unicast packets as long as they share the same MAC address.

Compiling librte_pmd_mlx4 causes DPDK to be linked against libibverbs.

22.2. Configuration

22.2.1. Compilation options

These options can be modified in the .config file.

  • CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_MLX4_PMD (default n)

    Toggle compilation of librte_pmd_mlx4 itself.

  • CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_MLX4_DLOPEN_DEPS (default n)

    Build PMD with additional code to make it loadable without hard dependencies on libibverbs nor libmlx4, which may not be installed on the target system.

    In this mode, their presence is still required for it to run properly, however their absence won’t prevent a DPDK application from starting (with CONFIG_RTE_BUILD_SHARED_LIB disabled) and they won’t show up as missing with ldd(1).

    It works by moving these dependencies to a purpose-built rdma-core “glue” plug-in which must either be installed in a directory whose name is based on CONFIG_RTE_EAL_PMD_PATH suffixed with -glue if set, or in a standard location for the dynamic linker (e.g. /lib) if left to the default empty string ("").

    This option has no performance impact.

  • CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_MLX4_DEBUG (default n)

    Toggle debugging code and stricter compilation flags. Enabling this option adds additional run-time checks and debugging messages at the cost of lower performance.

  • CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_MLX4_TX_MP_CACHE (default 8)

    Maximum number of cached memory pools (MPs) per TX queue. Each MP from which buffers are to be transmitted must be associated to memory regions (MRs). This is a slow operation that must be cached.

    This value is always 1 for RX queues since they use a single MP.

22.2.2. Environment variables

  • MLX4_GLUE_PATH

    A list of directories in which to search for the rdma-core “glue” plug-in, separated by colons or semi-colons.

    Only matters when compiled with CONFIG_RTE_LIBRTE_MLX4_DLOPEN_DEPS enabled and most useful when CONFIG_RTE_EAL_PMD_PATH is also set, since LD_LIBRARY_PATH has no effect in this case.

22.2.3. Run-time configuration

  • librte_pmd_mlx4 brings kernel network interfaces up during initialization because it is affected by their state. Forcing them down prevents packets reception.

  • ethtool operations on related kernel interfaces also affect the PMD.

  • port parameter [int]

    This parameter provides a physical port to probe and can be specified multiple times for additional ports. All ports are probed by default if left unspecified.

22.2.4. Kernel module parameters

The mlx4_core kernel module has several parameters that affect the behavior and/or the performance of librte_pmd_mlx4. Some of them are described below.

  • num_vfs (integer or triplet, optionally prefixed by device address strings)

    Create the given number of VFs on the specified devices.

  • log_num_mgm_entry_size (integer)

    Device-managed flow steering (DMFS) is required by DPDK applications. It is enabled by using a negative value, the last four bits of which have a special meaning.

    • -1: force device-managed flow steering (DMFS).
    • -7: configure optimized steering mode to improve performance with the following limitation: VLAN filtering is not supported with this mode. This is the recommended mode in case VLAN filter is not needed.

22.3. Prerequisites

This driver relies on external libraries and kernel drivers for resources allocations and initialization. The following dependencies are not part of DPDK and must be installed separately:

  • libibverbs (provided by rdma-core package)

    User space verbs framework used by librte_pmd_mlx4. This library provides a generic interface between the kernel and low-level user space drivers such as libmlx4.

    It allows slow and privileged operations (context initialization, hardware resources allocations) to be managed by the kernel and fast operations to never leave user space.

  • libmlx4 (provided by rdma-core package)

    Low-level user space driver library for Mellanox ConnectX-3 devices, it is automatically loaded by libibverbs.

    This library basically implements send/receive calls to the hardware queues.

  • Kernel modules

    They provide the kernel-side verbs API and low level device drivers that manage actual hardware initialization and resources sharing with user space processes.

    Unlike most other PMDs, these modules must remain loaded and bound to their devices:

    • mlx4_core: hardware driver managing Mellanox ConnectX-3 devices.
    • mlx4_en: Ethernet device driver that provides kernel network interfaces.
    • mlx4_ib: InifiniBand device driver.
    • ib_uverbs: user space driver for verbs (entry point for libibverbs).
  • Firmware update

    Mellanox OFED releases include firmware updates for ConnectX-3 adapters.

    Because each release provides new features, these updates must be applied to match the kernel modules and libraries they come with.

Note

Both libraries are BSD and GPL licensed. Linux kernel modules are GPL licensed.

Depending on system constraints and user preferences either RDMA core library with a recent enough Linux kernel release (recommended) or Mellanox OFED, which provides compatibility with older releases.

22.3.2. Mellanox OFED as a fallback

  • Mellanox OFED version: 4.2, 4.3.
  • firmware version: 2.42.5000 and above.

Note

Several versions of Mellanox OFED are available. Installing the version this DPDK release was developed and tested against is strongly recommended. Please check the prerequisites.

22.3.2.1. Installing Mellanox OFED

  1. Download latest Mellanox OFED.

  2. Install the required libraries and kernel modules either by installing only the required set, or by installing the entire Mellanox OFED:

    For bare metal use:

    ./mlnxofedinstall --dpdk --upstream-libs
    

    For SR-IOV hypervisors use:

    ./mlnxofedinstall --dpdk --upstream-libs --enable-sriov --hypervisor
    

    For SR-IOV virtual machine use:

    ./mlnxofedinstall --dpdk --upstream-libs --guest
    
  3. Verify the firmware is the correct one:

    ibv_devinfo
    
  4. Set all ports links to Ethernet, follow instructions on the screen:

    connectx_port_config
    
  5. Continue with section 2 of the Quick Start Guide.

22.4. Supported NICs

  • Mellanox(R) ConnectX(R)-3 Pro 40G MCX354A-FCC_Ax (2*40G)

22.5. Quick Start Guide

  1. Set all ports links to Ethernet

    PCI=<NIC PCI address>
    echo eth > "/sys/bus/pci/devices/$PCI/mlx4_port0"
    echo eth > "/sys/bus/pci/devices/$PCI/mlx4_port1"
    

    Note

    If using Mellanox OFED one can permanently set the port link to Ethernet using connectx_port_config tool provided by it. Mellanox OFED as a fallback:

  1. In case of bare metal or hypervisor, configure optimized steering mode by adding the following line to /etc/modprobe.d/mlx4_core.conf:

    options mlx4_core log_num_mgm_entry_size=-7
    

    Note

    If VLAN filtering is used, set log_num_mgm_entry_size=-1. Performance degradation can occur on this case.

  2. Restart the driver:

    /etc/init.d/openibd restart
    

    or:

    service openibd restart
    
  3. Compile DPDK and you are ready to go. See instructions on Development Kit Build System

22.6. Performance tuning

  1. Verify the optimized steering mode is configured:
cat /sys/module/mlx4_core/parameters/log_num_mgm_entry_size
  1. Use the CPU near local NUMA node to which the PCIe adapter is connected, for better performance. For VMs, verify that the right CPU and NUMA node are pinned according to the above. Run:

    lstopo-no-graphics
    

    to identify the NUMA node to which the PCIe adapter is connected.

  2. If more than one adapter is used, and root complex capabilities allow to put both adapters on the same NUMA node without PCI bandwidth degradation, it is recommended to locate both adapters on the same NUMA node. This in order to forward packets from one to the other without NUMA performance penalty.

  3. Disable pause frames:

    ethtool -A <netdev> rx off tx off
    
  4. Verify IO non-posted prefetch is disabled by default. This can be checked via the BIOS configuration. Please contact you server provider for more information about the settings.

Note

On some machines, depends on the machine integrator, it is beneficial to set the PCI max read request parameter to 1K. This can be done in the following way:

To query the read request size use:

setpci -s <NIC PCI address> 68.w

If the output is different than 3XXX, set it by:

setpci -s <NIC PCI address> 68.w=3XXX

The XXX can be different on different systems. Make sure to configure according to the setpci output.

22.7. Usage example

This section demonstrates how to launch testpmd with Mellanox ConnectX-3 devices managed by librte_pmd_mlx4.

  1. Load the kernel modules:

    modprobe -a ib_uverbs mlx4_en mlx4_core mlx4_ib
    

    Alternatively if MLNX_OFED is fully installed, the following script can be run:

    /etc/init.d/openibd restart
    

    Note

    User space I/O kernel modules (uio and igb_uio) are not used and do not have to be loaded.

  2. Make sure Ethernet interfaces are in working order and linked to kernel verbs. Related sysfs entries should be present:

    ls -d /sys/class/net/*/device/infiniband_verbs/uverbs* | cut -d / -f 5
    

    Example output:

    eth2
    eth3
    eth4
    eth5
    
  3. Optionally, retrieve their PCI bus addresses for whitelisting:

    {
        for intf in eth2 eth3 eth4 eth5;
        do
            (cd "/sys/class/net/${intf}/device/" && pwd -P);
        done;
    } |
    sed -n 's,.*/\(.*\),-w \1,p'
    

    Example output:

    -w 0000:83:00.0
    -w 0000:83:00.0
    -w 0000:84:00.0
    -w 0000:84:00.0
    

    Note

    There are only two distinct PCI bus addresses because the Mellanox ConnectX-3 adapters installed on this system are dual port.

  4. Request huge pages:

    echo 1024 > /sys/kernel/mm/hugepages/hugepages-2048kB/nr_hugepages/nr_hugepages
    
  5. Start testpmd with basic parameters:

    testpmd -l 8-15 -n 4 -w 0000:83:00.0 -w 0000:84:00.0 -- --rxq=2 --txq=2 -i
    

    Example output:

    [...]
    EAL: PCI device 0000:83:00.0 on NUMA socket 1
    EAL:   probe driver: 15b3:1007 librte_pmd_mlx4
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: PCI information matches, using device "mlx4_0" (VF: false)
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 2 port(s) detected
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: port 1 MAC address is 00:02:c9:b5:b7:50
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: port 2 MAC address is 00:02:c9:b5:b7:51
    EAL: PCI device 0000:84:00.0 on NUMA socket 1
    EAL:   probe driver: 15b3:1007 librte_pmd_mlx4
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: PCI information matches, using device "mlx4_1" (VF: false)
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 2 port(s) detected
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: port 1 MAC address is 00:02:c9:b5:ba:b0
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: port 2 MAC address is 00:02:c9:b5:ba:b1
    Interactive-mode selected
    Configuring Port 0 (socket 0)
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867d60: TX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867d60: RX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    Port 0: 00:02:C9:B5:B7:50
    Configuring Port 1 (socket 0)
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867da0: TX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867da0: RX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    Port 1: 00:02:C9:B5:B7:51
    Configuring Port 2 (socket 0)
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867de0: TX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867de0: RX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    Port 2: 00:02:C9:B5:BA:B0
    Configuring Port 3 (socket 0)
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867e20: TX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    PMD: librte_pmd_mlx4: 0x867e20: RX queues number update: 0 -> 2
    Port 3: 00:02:C9:B5:BA:B1
    Checking link statuses...
    Port 0 Link Up - speed 10000 Mbps - full-duplex
    Port 1 Link Up - speed 40000 Mbps - full-duplex
    Port 2 Link Up - speed 10000 Mbps - full-duplex
    Port 3 Link Up - speed 40000 Mbps - full-duplex
    Done
    testpmd>