[dpdk-dev] [PATCH v5] app/testpmd: enable the heavyweight mode TCP/IPv4 GRO

Jiayu Hu jiayu.hu at intel.com
Sat Oct 7 09:45:57 CEST 2017


The GRO library provides two modes to reassemble packets. Currently, the
csum forwarding engine has supported to use the lightweight mode to
reassemble TCP/IPv4 packets. This patch introduces the heavyweight mode
for TCP/IPv4 GRO in the csum forwarding engine.

With the command "set port <port_id> gro on|off", users can enable
TCP/IPv4 GRO for a given port. With the command "set gro flush <cycles>",
users can determine when the GROed TCP/IPv4 packets are flushed from
reassembly tables. With the command "show port <port_id> gro", users can
display GRO configuration.

The GRO library doesn't re-calculate checksums for merged packets. If
users want the merged packets to have correct IP and TCP checksums,
please select HW IP checksum calculation and HW TCP checksum calculation
for the port which the merged packets are transmitted to.

Signed-off-by: Jiayu Hu <jiayu.hu at intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Ferruh Yigit <ferruh.yigit at intel.com>
Tested-by: Yao Lei <lei.a.yao at intel.com>
---
changes in v5:
- fix port_id type conflict
changes in v4:
- fix unchecking the min value of 'cycle' bug in setup_gro_flush_cycles
- update the context of the testpmd document and commit logs
changes in v3:
- remove "heavyweight mode" and "lightweight mode" from GRO commands
- combine two patches into one
- use consistent help string for GRO commands 
- remove the unnecessary command "gro set (max_flow_num)
	(max_item_num_per_flow) (port_id)"
changes in v2:
- use "set" and "show" as the root level command
- add a new command to show GRO configuration
- fix l2_len/l3_len/l4_len unset etc. bugs

 app/test-pmd/cmdline.c                      | 206 ++++++++++++++++------------
 app/test-pmd/config.c                       |  68 +++++++--
 app/test-pmd/csumonly.c                     |  31 ++++-
 app/test-pmd/testpmd.c                      |  19 ++-
 app/test-pmd/testpmd.h                      |  16 ++-
 doc/guides/testpmd_app_ug/testpmd_funcs.rst |  50 +++++--
 6 files changed, 270 insertions(+), 120 deletions(-)

diff --git a/app/test-pmd/cmdline.c b/app/test-pmd/cmdline.c
index 91766bc..516fc89 100644
--- a/app/test-pmd/cmdline.c
+++ b/app/test-pmd/cmdline.c
@@ -427,13 +427,16 @@ static void cmd_help_long_parsed(void *parsed_result,
 			"tso show (portid)"
 			"    Display the status of TCP Segmentation Offload.\n\n"
 
-			"gro (on|off) (port_id)"
+			"set port (port_id) gro on|off\n"
 			"    Enable or disable Generic Receive Offload in"
 			" csum forwarding engine.\n\n"
 
-			"gro set (max_flow_num) (max_item_num_per_flow) (port_id)\n"
-			"    Set max flow number and max packet number per-flow"
-			" for GRO.\n\n"
+			"show port (port_id) gro\n"
+			"    Display GRO configuration.\n\n"
+
+			"set gro flush (cycles)\n"
+			"    Set the cycle to flush GROed packets from"
+			" reassembly tables.\n\n"
 
 			"set fwd (%s)\n"
 			"    Set packet forwarding mode.\n\n"
@@ -3868,115 +3871,145 @@ cmdline_parse_inst_t cmd_tunnel_tso_show = {
 };
 
 /* *** SET GRO FOR A PORT *** */
-struct cmd_gro_result {
+struct cmd_gro_enable_result {
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_set;
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_port;
 	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_keyword;
-	cmdline_fixed_string_t mode;
-	uint8_t port_id;
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_onoff;
+	portid_t cmd_pid;
 };
 
 static void
-cmd_enable_gro_parsed(void *parsed_result,
+cmd_gro_enable_parsed(void *parsed_result,
 		__attribute__((unused)) struct cmdline *cl,
 		__attribute__((unused)) void *data)
 {
-	struct cmd_gro_result *res;
+	struct cmd_gro_enable_result *res;
 
 	res = parsed_result;
-	setup_gro(res->mode, res->port_id);
-}
-
-cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_keyword =
-	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_result,
+	if (!strcmp(res->cmd_keyword, "gro"))
+		setup_gro(res->cmd_onoff, res->cmd_pid);
+}
+
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_enable_set =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_enable_result,
+			cmd_set, "set");
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_enable_port =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_enable_result,
+			cmd_keyword, "port");
+cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_enable_pid =
+	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_enable_result,
+			cmd_pid, UINT16);
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_enable_keyword =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_enable_result,
 			cmd_keyword, "gro");
-cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_mode =
-	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_result,
-			mode, "on#off");
-cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_pid =
-	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_result,
-			port_id, UINT8);
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_enable_onoff =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_enable_result,
+			cmd_onoff, "on#off");
 
-cmdline_parse_inst_t cmd_enable_gro = {
-	.f = cmd_enable_gro_parsed,
+cmdline_parse_inst_t cmd_gro_enable = {
+	.f = cmd_gro_enable_parsed,
 	.data = NULL,
-	.help_str = "gro (on|off) (port_id)",
+	.help_str = "set port <port_id> gro on|off",
 	.tokens = {
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_keyword,
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_mode,
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_pid,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_enable_set,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_enable_port,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_enable_pid,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_enable_keyword,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_enable_onoff,
 		NULL,
 	},
 };
 
-/* *** SET MAX FLOW NUMBER AND ITEM NUM PER FLOW FOR GRO *** */
-struct cmd_gro_set_result {
-	cmdline_fixed_string_t gro;
-	cmdline_fixed_string_t mode;
-	uint16_t flow_num;
-	uint16_t item_num_per_flow;
-	uint8_t port_id;
+/* *** DISPLAY GRO CONFIGURATION *** */
+struct cmd_gro_show_result {
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_show;
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_port;
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_keyword;
+	portid_t cmd_pid;
 };
 
 static void
-cmd_gro_set_parsed(void *parsed_result,
-		       __attribute__((unused)) struct cmdline *cl,
-		       __attribute__((unused)) void *data)
+cmd_gro_show_parsed(void *parsed_result,
+		__attribute__((unused)) struct cmdline *cl,
+		__attribute__((unused)) void *data)
 {
-	struct cmd_gro_set_result *res = parsed_result;
+	struct cmd_gro_show_result *res;
 
-	if (port_id_is_invalid(res->port_id, ENABLED_WARN))
-		return;
-	if (test_done == 0) {
-		printf("Before set GRO flow_num and item_num_per_flow,"
-				" please stop forwarding first\n");
-		return;
-	}
+	res = parsed_result;
+	if (!strcmp(res->cmd_keyword, "gro"))
+		show_gro(res->cmd_pid);
+}
+
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_show_show =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_show_result,
+			cmd_show, "show");
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_show_port =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_show_result,
+			cmd_port, "port");
+cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_show_pid =
+	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_show_result,
+			cmd_pid, UINT16);
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_show_keyword =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_show_result,
+			cmd_keyword, "gro");
 
-	if (!strcmp(res->mode, "set")) {
-		if (res->flow_num == 0)
-			printf("Invalid flow number. Revert to default value:"
-					" %u.\n", GRO_DEFAULT_FLOW_NUM);
-		else
-			gro_ports[res->port_id].param.max_flow_num =
-				res->flow_num;
+cmdline_parse_inst_t cmd_gro_show = {
+	.f = cmd_gro_show_parsed,
+	.data = NULL,
+	.help_str = "show port <port_id> gro",
+	.tokens = {
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_show_show,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_show_port,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_show_pid,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_show_keyword,
+		NULL,
+	},
+};
 
-		if (res->item_num_per_flow == 0)
-			printf("Invalid item number per-flow. Revert"
-					" to default value:%u.\n",
-					GRO_DEFAULT_ITEM_NUM_PER_FLOW);
-		else
-			gro_ports[res->port_id].param.max_item_per_flow =
-				res->item_num_per_flow;
-	}
+/* *** SET FLUSH CYCLES FOR GRO *** */
+struct cmd_gro_flush_result {
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_set;
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_keyword;
+	cmdline_fixed_string_t cmd_flush;
+	uint8_t cmd_cycles;
+};
+
+static void
+cmd_gro_flush_parsed(void *parsed_result,
+		__attribute__((unused)) struct cmdline *cl,
+		__attribute__((unused)) void *data)
+{
+	struct cmd_gro_flush_result *res;
+
+	res = parsed_result;
+	if ((!strcmp(res->cmd_keyword, "gro")) &&
+			(!strcmp(res->cmd_flush, "flush")))
+		setup_gro_flush_cycles(res->cmd_cycles);
 }
 
-cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_set_gro =
-	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_set_result,
-				gro, "gro");
-cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_set_mode =
-	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_set_result,
-				mode, "set");
-cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_set_flow_num =
-	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_set_result,
-				flow_num, UINT16);
-cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_set_item_num_per_flow =
-	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_set_result,
-				item_num_per_flow, UINT16);
-cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_set_portid =
-	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_set_result,
-				port_id, UINT8);
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_flush_set =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_flush_result,
+			cmd_set, "set");
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_flush_keyword =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_flush_result,
+			cmd_keyword, "gro");
+cmdline_parse_token_string_t cmd_gro_flush_flush =
+	TOKEN_STRING_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_flush_result,
+			cmd_flush, "flush");
+cmdline_parse_token_num_t cmd_gro_flush_cycles =
+	TOKEN_NUM_INITIALIZER(struct cmd_gro_flush_result,
+			cmd_cycles, UINT8);
 
-cmdline_parse_inst_t cmd_gro_set = {
-	.f = cmd_gro_set_parsed,
+cmdline_parse_inst_t cmd_gro_flush = {
+	.f = cmd_gro_flush_parsed,
 	.data = NULL,
-	.help_str = "gro set <max_flow_num> <max_item_num_per_flow> "
-		"<port_id>: set max flow number and max packet number per-flow "
-		"for GRO",
+	.help_str = "set gro flush <cycles>",
 	.tokens = {
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_set_gro,
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_set_mode,
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_set_flow_num,
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_set_item_num_per_flow,
-		(void *)&cmd_gro_set_portid,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_flush_set,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_flush_keyword,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_flush_flush,
+		(void *)&cmd_gro_flush_cycles,
 		NULL,
 	},
 };
@@ -14687,8 +14720,9 @@ cmdline_parse_ctx_t main_ctx[] = {
 	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_tso_show,
 	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_tunnel_tso_set,
 	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_tunnel_tso_show,
-	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_enable_gro,
-	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_gro_set,
+	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_gro_enable,
+	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_gro_flush,
+	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_gro_show,
 	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_link_flow_control_set,
 	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_link_flow_control_set_rx,
 	(cmdline_parse_inst_t *)&cmd_link_flow_control_set_tx,
diff --git a/app/test-pmd/config.c b/app/test-pmd/config.c
index 0b2be2e..90e4f19 100644
--- a/app/test-pmd/config.c
+++ b/app/test-pmd/config.c
@@ -2428,7 +2428,7 @@ set_tx_pkt_segments(unsigned *seg_lengths, unsigned nb_segs)
 }
 
 void
-setup_gro(const char *mode, uint8_t port_id)
+setup_gro(const char *onoff, portid_t port_id)
 {
 	if (!rte_eth_dev_is_valid_port(port_id)) {
 		printf("invalid port id %u\n", port_id);
@@ -2439,29 +2439,77 @@ setup_gro(const char *mode, uint8_t port_id)
 				" please stop forwarding first\n");
 		return;
 	}
-	if (strcmp(mode, "on") == 0) {
-		if (gro_ports[port_id].enable) {
-			printf("port %u has enabled GRO\n", port_id);
+	if (strcmp(onoff, "on") == 0) {
+		if (gro_ports[port_id].enable != 0) {
+			printf("Port %u has enabled GRO. Please"
+					" disable GRO first\n", port_id);
 			return;
 		}
-		gro_ports[port_id].enable = 1;
-		gro_ports[port_id].param.gro_types = RTE_GRO_TCP_IPV4;
-
-		if (gro_ports[port_id].param.max_flow_num == 0)
+		if (gro_flush_cycles == GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES) {
+			gro_ports[port_id].param.gro_types = RTE_GRO_TCP_IPV4;
 			gro_ports[port_id].param.max_flow_num =
 				GRO_DEFAULT_FLOW_NUM;
-		if (gro_ports[port_id].param.max_item_per_flow == 0)
 			gro_ports[port_id].param.max_item_per_flow =
 				GRO_DEFAULT_ITEM_NUM_PER_FLOW;
+		}
+		gro_ports[port_id].enable = 1;
 	} else {
 		if (gro_ports[port_id].enable == 0) {
-			printf("port %u has disabled GRO\n", port_id);
+			printf("Port %u has disabled GRO\n", port_id);
 			return;
 		}
 		gro_ports[port_id].enable = 0;
 	}
 }
 
+void
+setup_gro_flush_cycles(uint8_t cycles)
+{
+	if (test_done == 0) {
+		printf("Before change flush interval for GRO,"
+				" please stop forwarding first.\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (cycles > GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES || cycles <
+			GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES) {
+		printf("The flushing cycle be in the range"
+				" of 1 to %u. Revert to the default"
+				" value %u.\n",
+				GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES,
+				GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES);
+		cycles = GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES;
+	}
+
+	gro_flush_cycles = cycles;
+}
+
+void
+show_gro(portid_t port_id)
+{
+	struct rte_gro_param *param;
+	uint32_t max_pkts_num;
+
+	param = &gro_ports[port_id].param;
+
+	if (!rte_eth_dev_is_valid_port(port_id)) {
+		printf("Invalid port id %u.\n", port_id);
+		return;
+	}
+	if (gro_ports[port_id].enable) {
+		printf("GRO type: TCP/IPv4\n");
+		if (gro_flush_cycles == GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES) {
+			max_pkts_num = param->max_flow_num *
+				param->max_item_per_flow;
+		} else
+			max_pkts_num = MAX_PKT_BURST * GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES;
+		printf("Max number of packets to perform GRO: %u\n",
+				max_pkts_num);
+		printf("Flushing cycles: %u\n", gro_flush_cycles);
+	} else
+		printf("Port %u doesn't enable GRO.\n", port_id);
+}
+
 char*
 list_pkt_forwarding_modes(void)
 {
diff --git a/app/test-pmd/csumonly.c b/app/test-pmd/csumonly.c
index 90c8119..ca50ab7 100644
--- a/app/test-pmd/csumonly.c
+++ b/app/test-pmd/csumonly.c
@@ -631,6 +631,9 @@ pkt_burst_checksum_forward(struct fwd_stream *fs)
 	struct rte_mbuf *m, *p;
 	struct ether_hdr *eth_hdr;
 	void *l3_hdr = NULL, *outer_l3_hdr = NULL; /* can be IPv4 or IPv6 */
+	void **gro_ctx;
+	uint16_t gro_pkts_num;
+	uint8_t gro_enable;
 	uint16_t nb_rx;
 	uint16_t nb_tx;
 	uint16_t nb_prep;
@@ -657,17 +660,13 @@ pkt_burst_checksum_forward(struct fwd_stream *fs)
 				 nb_pkt_per_burst);
 	if (unlikely(nb_rx == 0))
 		return;
-	if (unlikely(gro_ports[fs->rx_port].enable))
-		nb_rx = rte_gro_reassemble_burst(pkts_burst,
-				nb_rx,
-				&(gro_ports[fs->rx_port].param));
-
 #ifdef RTE_TEST_PMD_RECORD_BURST_STATS
 	fs->rx_burst_stats.pkt_burst_spread[nb_rx]++;
 #endif
 	fs->rx_packets += nb_rx;
 	rx_bad_ip_csum = 0;
 	rx_bad_l4_csum = 0;
+	gro_enable = gro_ports[fs->rx_port].enable;
 
 	txp = &ports[fs->tx_port];
 	testpmd_ol_flags = txp->tx_ol_flags;
@@ -851,6 +850,28 @@ pkt_burst_checksum_forward(struct fwd_stream *fs)
 		}
 	}
 
+	if (unlikely(gro_enable)) {
+		if (gro_flush_cycles == GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES) {
+			nb_rx = rte_gro_reassemble_burst(pkts_burst, nb_rx,
+					&(gro_ports[fs->rx_port].param));
+		} else {
+			gro_ctx = current_fwd_lcore()->gro_ctx;
+			nb_rx = rte_gro_reassemble(pkts_burst, nb_rx, gro_ctx);
+
+			if (++fs->gro_times >= gro_flush_cycles) {
+				gro_pkts_num = rte_gro_get_pkt_count(gro_ctx);
+				if (gro_pkts_num > MAX_PKT_BURST - nb_rx)
+					gro_pkts_num = MAX_PKT_BURST - nb_rx;
+
+				nb_rx += rte_gro_timeout_flush(gro_ctx, 0,
+						RTE_GRO_TCP_IPV4,
+						&pkts_burst[nb_rx],
+						gro_pkts_num);
+				fs->gro_times = 0;
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
 	nb_prep = rte_eth_tx_prepare(fs->tx_port, fs->tx_queue,
 			pkts_burst, nb_rx);
 	if (nb_prep != nb_rx)
diff --git a/app/test-pmd/testpmd.c b/app/test-pmd/testpmd.c
index 49fd2ad..408db9f 100644
--- a/app/test-pmd/testpmd.c
+++ b/app/test-pmd/testpmd.c
@@ -90,7 +90,6 @@
 #ifdef RTE_LIBRTE_LATENCY_STATS
 #include <rte_latencystats.h>
 #endif
-#include <rte_gro.h>
 
 #include "testpmd.h"
 
@@ -386,6 +385,7 @@ uint8_t bitrate_enabled;
 #endif
 
 struct gro_status gro_ports[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];
+uint8_t gro_flush_cycles = GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES;
 
 /* Forward function declarations */
 static void map_port_queue_stats_mapping_registers(uint8_t pi, struct rte_port *port);
@@ -570,6 +570,7 @@ init_config(void)
 	unsigned int nb_mbuf_per_pool;
 	lcoreid_t  lc_id;
 	uint8_t port_per_socket[RTE_MAX_NUMA_NODES];
+	struct rte_gro_param gro_param;
 
 	memset(port_per_socket,0,RTE_MAX_NUMA_NODES);
 
@@ -671,6 +672,20 @@ init_config(void)
 		rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE, "FAIL from init_fwd_streams()\n");
 
 	fwd_config_setup();
+
+	/* create a gro context for each lcore */
+	gro_param.gro_types = RTE_GRO_TCP_IPV4;
+	gro_param.max_flow_num = GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES;
+	gro_param.max_item_per_flow = MAX_PKT_BURST;
+	for (lc_id = 0; lc_id < nb_lcores; lc_id++) {
+		gro_param.socket_id = rte_lcore_to_socket_id(
+				fwd_lcores_cpuids[lc_id]);
+		fwd_lcores[lc_id]->gro_ctx = rte_gro_ctx_create(&gro_param);
+		if (fwd_lcores[lc_id]->gro_ctx == NULL) {
+			rte_exit(EXIT_FAILURE,
+					"rte_gro_ctx_create() failed\n");
+		}
+	}
 }
 
 
@@ -1217,6 +1232,7 @@ stop_packet_forwarding(void)
 #ifdef RTE_TEST_PMD_RECORD_CORE_CYCLES
 	uint64_t fwd_cycles;
 #endif
+
 	static const char *acc_stats_border = "+++++++++++++++";
 
 	if (test_done) {
@@ -1307,6 +1323,7 @@ stop_packet_forwarding(void)
 
 		fwd_port_stats_display(pt_id, &stats);
 	}
+
 	printf("\n  %s Accumulated forward statistics for all ports"
 	       "%s\n",
 	       acc_stats_border, acc_stats_border);
diff --git a/app/test-pmd/testpmd.h b/app/test-pmd/testpmd.h
index 657c123..2dc3b74 100644
--- a/app/test-pmd/testpmd.h
+++ b/app/test-pmd/testpmd.h
@@ -120,6 +120,7 @@ struct fwd_stream {
 	unsigned int fwd_dropped; /**< received packets not forwarded */
 	unsigned int rx_bad_ip_csum ; /**< received packets has bad ip checksum */
 	unsigned int rx_bad_l4_csum ; /**< received packets has bad l4 checksum */
+	unsigned int gro_times;	/**< GRO operation times */
 #ifdef RTE_TEST_PMD_RECORD_CORE_CYCLES
 	uint64_t     core_cycles; /**< used for RX and TX processing */
 #endif
@@ -206,6 +207,7 @@ struct rte_port {
  */
 struct fwd_lcore {
 	struct rte_mempool *mbp; /**< The mbuf pool to use by this core */
+	void *gro_ctx;		/**< GRO context */
 	streamid_t stream_idx;   /**< index of 1st stream in "fwd_streams" */
 	streamid_t stream_nb;    /**< number of streams in "fwd_streams" */
 	lcoreid_t  cpuid_idx;    /**< index of logical core in CPU id table */
@@ -434,13 +436,19 @@ extern struct ether_addr peer_eth_addrs[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];
 extern uint32_t burst_tx_delay_time; /**< Burst tx delay time(us) for mac-retry. */
 extern uint32_t burst_tx_retry_num;  /**< Burst tx retry number for mac-retry. */
 
-#define GRO_DEFAULT_FLOW_NUM 4
-#define GRO_DEFAULT_ITEM_NUM_PER_FLOW DEF_PKT_BURST
+#define GRO_DEFAULT_ITEM_NUM_PER_FLOW 32
+#define GRO_DEFAULT_FLOW_NUM (RTE_GRO_MAX_BURST_ITEM_NUM / \
+		GRO_DEFAULT_ITEM_NUM_PER_FLOW)
+
+#define GRO_DEFAULT_FLUSH_CYCLES 1
+#define GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES 4
+
 struct gro_status {
 	struct rte_gro_param param;
 	uint8_t enable;
 };
 extern struct gro_status gro_ports[RTE_MAX_ETHPORTS];
+extern uint8_t gro_flush_cycles;
 
 static inline unsigned int
 lcore_num(void)
@@ -641,7 +649,9 @@ void get_2tuple_filter(uint8_t port_id, uint16_t index);
 void get_5tuple_filter(uint8_t port_id, uint16_t index);
 int rx_queue_id_is_invalid(queueid_t rxq_id);
 int tx_queue_id_is_invalid(queueid_t txq_id);
-void setup_gro(const char *mode, uint8_t port_id);
+void setup_gro(const char *onoff, portid_t port_id);
+void setup_gro_flush_cycles(uint8_t cycles);
+void show_gro(portid_t port_id);
 
 /* Functions to manage the set of filtered Multicast MAC addresses */
 void mcast_addr_add(uint8_t port_id, struct ether_addr *mc_addr);
diff --git a/doc/guides/testpmd_app_ug/testpmd_funcs.rst b/doc/guides/testpmd_app_ug/testpmd_funcs.rst
index 6615de8..0f45344 100644
--- a/doc/guides/testpmd_app_ug/testpmd_funcs.rst
+++ b/doc/guides/testpmd_app_ug/testpmd_funcs.rst
@@ -906,12 +906,12 @@ Display the status of TCP Segmentation Offload::
 
    testpmd> tso show (port_id)
 
-gro
-~~~
+set port - gro
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
 Enable or disable GRO in ``csum`` forwarding engine::
 
-   testpmd> gro (on|off) (port_id)
+   testpmd> set port <port_id> gro on|off
 
 If enabled, the csum forwarding engine will perform GRO on the TCP/IPv4
 packets received from the given port.
@@ -922,23 +922,43 @@ GRO. By default, GRO is disabled for all ports.
 .. note::
 
    When enable GRO for a port, TCP/IPv4 packets received from the port
-   will be performed GRO. After GRO, the merged packets are multi-segments.
-   But csum forwarding engine doesn't support to calculate TCP checksum
-   for multi-segment packets in SW. So please select TCP HW checksum
-   calculation for the port which GROed packets are transmitted to.
+   will be performed GRO. After GRO, all merged packets have bad
+   checksums, since the GRO library doesn't re-calculate checksums for
+   the merged packets. Therefore, if users want the merged packets to
+   have correct checksums, please select HW IP checksum calculation and
+   HW TCP checksum calculation for the port which the merged packets are
+   transmitted to.
+
+show port - gro
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
 
-gro set
-~~~~~~~
+Display GRO configuration for a given port::
+
+   testpmd> show port <port_id> gro
+
+set gro flush
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Set the cycle to flush the GROed packets from reassembly tables::
+
+   testpmd> set gro flush <cycles>
 
-Set max flow number and max packet number per-flow for GRO::
+When enable GRO, the csum forwarding engine performs GRO on received
+packets, and the GROed packets are stored in reassembly tables. Users
+can use this command to determine when the GROed packets are flushed
+from the reassembly tables.
 
-   testpmd> gro set (max_flow_num) (max_item_num_per_flow) (port_id)
+The ``cycles`` is measured in GRO operation times. The csum forwarding
+engine flushes the GROed packets from the tables every ``cycles`` GRO
+operations.
 
-The product of ``max_flow_num`` and ``max_item_num_per_flow`` is the max
-number of packets a GRO table can store.
+By default, the value of ``cycles`` is 1, which means flush GROed packets
+from the reassembly tables as soon as one GRO operation finishes. The value
+of ``cycles`` should be in the range of 1 to ``GRO_MAX_FLUSH_CYCLES``.
 
-If current packet number is greater than or equal to the max value, GRO
-will stop processing incoming packets.
+Please note that the large value of ``cycles`` may cause the poor TCP/IP
+stack performance. Because the GROed packets are delayed to arrive the
+stack, thus causing more duplicated ACKs and TCP retransmissions.
 
 mac_addr add
 ~~~~~~~~~~~~
-- 
2.7.4



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